Inward looking approach a way for deterring external pressure

Currently the nation is reversing the war ignited by the junta to restore the statuesque in the northern part of the country. The junta terrorists demolished infrastructures such as schools, universities, hospitals and industrial plants.

Innocent civilians were killed, women were raped and other evil deeds also committed by terrorists.

After months long fierce fights, the government forces reversed the power balance on the ground and the junta fighters heavily defeated and lost their, human power as well as their military hard ware.

The war in addition to bringing economic repercussion, it made the nation vulnerable to foreign intervention and clandestine activities of various elements.

In the early times of the war the western governments instead of fairly judge what was going on the ground and blatantly supported the junta and put pressure on the government to concede unfairly to the junta’sdemand through suspending budgetary support and aid.

They recognized the junta as legitimate political entity which is leveled as terrorist group by the council representatives. However, when our gallant defense forces with strong leadership heavily obliterated the junta fighters, the western governments came to their mind and began to improve the relation with the government.

When TPLF was in power for nearly three decades, ruled the nation tyrannically with zero tolerance of decent ideas. Extrajudicial killing and violating of human rights were the order of the day. The ethnic politics imposed by top down approach on the country served the junta to divide the nation ethnically and to perpetuate its power tenure.

Even though its reign was brutal, it obtained billions of Dollars from the western governments in the form of aid and budgetary support.

But according to the transparent intern ational recent report, the obtained money redirected to the western countries banks and secretly deposited.

History proved that westerners support dictatorial regimes as long as they serve their interest. As TPLF new that it was unpopular locally, to stay in power for long through repressive measures, it resorted to get alliance from external forces. Invited by the TPLF internal weakness and its arbitrary rule, they supported it for three decades.

Had it been strong and independent from external forces they would have not been involved in the internal affairs of sovereign country. Hence, before blaming external forces looking the inherent problem of the nation is essential which helps to take remedial action. Without assessing the situation critically achieving viable solution for our internal problem is unthinkable.

In fact, similar to other countries in Africa and other parts of the world, Ethiopia is categorized as politically fragile country. In the past, the absence of rule of law and strong institutions enabled political forces to assume power by unconstitutional means.

In the modern history of the nation no regime was came to power by legitimate means rather it was by fierce battle and coup.

The protracted war between the Derg and TPLF ended the reign of the earlier and gave way the assumption of power of the later.

Similar to the Derg, TPLF dedicated its energy to preserve its power grip by opening the door to the western world to run their global interest as they wished.

The eviction of the Junta from its political tenure in 2019by the popular uprising created new development in the horn.

In fact, for two years after the assumption of power of Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed, the western countries did not antagonize the new government but when the government improved relations with the neighboring countries including Eritrea, they thought that the government in Addis might go against their interest and restrained their relation. Ultimately when the war ignited by the junta in October 2020 they supported it and in contrary blamed Ethiopia as provocateur of war.

The western media also propagated in favor of the Junta. Therefore we can conclude that the root cause of the western intervention in our internal affairs is the inherent political crises reigned for many decades and the junta arbitrary rule.

We can mention similar causes in other countries but distortedly understoodthe genesis of the political turmoil. Libya has been state less country for more than a decade and many blamed the western governments that their involvement in the internal affairs of this country reduced the nation in to anarchy.

Before the out brake of the civil war in Libya in 2011, the country was under the harsh rule of Muammar Gaddafi for forty two years. The president assumed power by overthrowing the king in 1961.

It is obvious that, by exploiting the nation oil resources he brought economic growth to the nation in which improved the living standard of citizens.

But they were marginalized from economic and political affairs of their country andinhibited their human rights which are naturally endowed. Their civil rights such as the right to associate, to elect and be elected were denied. Much of the nation wealth was plundered by the president, his family and associates and deposited in the western banks secretly and there was no system which put in to account the dictator for his misdeeds.

But the flare up of Arab spring in 2010 in Tunisia brought new development in the middle -east including Libya. The people who lived in appalling political repression for decades staged demonstration against the tyrant.In the first weeks of thepolitical uprising the movement was taken place in peace full manner but ignoring the public appeal, the government forces took repressive measure by using military means and many civilian lost their life. To resist the harsh measures, the people were forced to wage armed struggle.

For decades,Muammar Al Gaddafi was at the logger head with westerners and leveled him as supporter of terrorists and indeed Libya was found guilty of bombing the locker be air plane when it flew from Ireland to the USA in 1980s in which all passengers lost their life.

The police investigation also revealed that,the two men who put the bomb in the plane were Libyan and the government accepted the responsibility and compensated thevictim’s parents by paying one billion Dollars.

When the popular uprising turned in to civil war during the Arab spring, taking the situation as opportunity to revenge the president, the NATO forces with the consent of the UN Security Council militarily intervened in Libya. But it is understood that Gaddafi was killed by his own rebellious fellow citizens.

Iraq is a country which suffers from war repercussion posed by miss- governance and external intervention. Like many Arab countries the country was ruled for decades by dictatorial regime of SadamHusein who was a close associate with the US government. When Islamic revolution was broke out in Iran in 1979, the US interest in that country fall at risk. Iranian students kept the US diplomatshostage in Tehran and the US attempted to free its citizens by military means which had been in vein.

To curb the revolution and to revenge the new regime in Tehran, the US pushed the Sadam regime to invade Iran by pretexting boarder disputes between the two neighboring countries.

The war lasted for 8 years and consumed both countries human, finance and other resources and ended with no new border demarcation.

During the war the US was ardent supporter of Sadam regime in terms of finance and military hard ware including lethal weapons.

Two years later the Sadam regime instead of mobilizing its resource for reconstruction of the demolished infrastructures, it invaded Kuwait in 1990 and the relation between the US and Iraq turned from friend ship to foe.

Within short months the Iraqi forces were kicked out by the US and its allied troops. A decade later the US allegedIraqthat it engaged in the infamous nuclear venture and later overthrewSadamHusein by force. Since then the country remains in agony.

Hence, we can conclude that, the arbitrary rule prevailed in Iraq during the Sadamera, invited foreign forces to interfere and brought the regime to its demise.

Therefore, establishing a political system based on consensus and achieve economic progress should be taken as a way out to attaining peace and with stand foreign intervention.

Editor’s Note: The views entertained in this article do not necessarily reflect the stance of The



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